July 8, 2024

Touch Targets in UX Design: Creating Seamless Interactions

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In today’s in Sweven , where mobile devices dominate, designing user-friendly interfaces is more crucial than ever. One key aspect of this is the size and placement of Touch Targets in UX Design. These interactive elements must be appropriately sized to ensure usability and avoid user frustration.

Why Touch Targets Matter

Touch targets are essential for providing a seamless user experience. They allow users to interact with an interface efficiently, which is particularly important for individuals with larger fingers or those with motor impairments. Properly designed touch targets can make or break the usability of an app or website.

Optimal Touch Targets in UX Design

Studies suggest that the minimum size for touch targets should be 1cm x 1cm (0.4in x 0.4in). This size ensures that users can tap accurately without experiencing “fat-finger” errors, where they accidentally tap the wrong target due to its small size.

Common Touch Target Issues

Small Targets

Small touch targets are a common issue that can lead to frustration. When targets are too small, users take longer to select them and are more likely to make errors. This problem is exacerbated on devices with high screen densities where visual size does not correspond to physical size.

Crowded Elements

Crowding of touch targets can also lead to errors. When touch targets are placed too close to each other, users may accidentally tap the wrong one. This issue is common in map applications where numerous points of interest are displayed closely together.

Solutions for Better Touch Target Design

Increase Size

Increasing the size of touch targets is a straightforward solution. Larger targets are easier to tap and reduce the likelihood of errors. This approach is particularly important for primary actions and frequently used functions.

Mind the Gap

Ensuring adequate spacing between touch targets is crucial. Proper spacing prevents accidental taps and makes the interface feel less cluttered. This can be achieved by redesigning layouts to avoid stacking buttons too closely together.

Avoid View–Tap Asymmetry

View-tap asymmetry occurs when elements are large enough to be seen but too small to tap accurately. To prevent this, designers should ensure that interactive elements are both visible and easily tappable.

Context Matters

Usage Scenarios

The context in which an app or website is used can influence touch target design. For example, apps used while moving, such as navigation apps, require larger touch targets to account for user movement and potential shakiness.

Audience Considerations

Different user groups may have varying needs. Children and seniors, for instance, benefit from larger touch targets due to their developing or declining motor skills. Designers should consider these factors when designing interfaces.

Practical Examples

Success Stories

Some applications excel in touch target design. For example, the Target app features large, easily accessible buttons for searching and scanning products, catering to users who may be moving around the store.

Room for Improvement

Conversely, some designs fall short. The Instagram app, for instance, features dismiss buttons that are too small, leading to frequent mis-taps. Increasing the size of these buttons would enhance usability.


Designing effective Touch Targets in UX Design is fundamental to creating user-friendly interfaces. By ensuring that touch targets are appropriately sized and well-spaced, designers can significantly improve the user experience and accessibility of their applications.


Article based from this one: https://www.nngroup.com/articles/touch-target-size/?utm_campaign=Content/Educational&utm_source=linkedin&utm_medium=social

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